Washoe was a chimp who was taught sign language.
One of Washoe’s caretakers was pregnant and missed work for many weeks after she miscarried. Roger Fouts recounts the following situation:
"People who should be there for her and aren’t are often given the cold shoulder—her way of informing them that she’s miffed at them. Washoe greeted Kat [the caretaker] in just this way when she finally returned to work with the chimps. Kat made her apologies to Washoe, then decided to tell her the truth, signing "MY BABY DIED." Washoe stared at her, then looked down. She finally peered into Kat’s eyes again and carefully signed "CRY", touching her cheek and drawing her finger down the path a tear would make on a human (Chimpanzees don’t shed tears). Kat later remarked that one sign told her more about Washoe and her mental capabilities than all her longer, grammatically perfect sentences." 
more about Washoe:
after the death of her children, researchers were determined to have Washoe raise a baby and brought in a ten month chimpanzee named Loulis. one of the caretakers went to Washoe’s enclosure and signed “i have a baby for you.” Washoe became incredibly excited, yelling and swaying from side to side, signing “baby” over and over again. then she signed “my baby.”
the caretaker came back with Loulis, and Washoe’s excitement disappeared entirely. she refused to pick Loulis up, instead signing “baby” apathetically; it was clear that the baby she thought she was getting was going to be Sequoyah. eventually Washoe did approach Loulis, and by the next day the two had bonded and from then on she was utterly devoted to him.
*information shamelessly paraphrased from When Elephants Weep by Jeffrey Masson.
Even more interestingly, after Washoe and Loulis bonded, she started teaching him American Sign Language the same way that human parents teach their children language. It only took Loulis eight days to learn his first sign from Washoe, and aside from the seven that his human handlers learned around him, he learned to speak in ASL just as fluently as Washoe and was able to communicate with humans in the same way she could.
now if y’all don’t think this is the tightest shit you can get outta my face
reblog for the commentary
All dogs share the same basic digestive system despite the range of physical variations (and attitudes) across different breeds. Every dog is designed to eat a raw animal-based diet, from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane. Breed-specific dog food brands are simply a marketing gimmick aimed at playing on the pet owner’s emotions, and their desire to feed their pet the best possible diet.
I don’t think that dogs need an animal-based diet. If done right they can be vegan and not contribute to the murdering of innocent animals. We’ve adapted and domesticated them enough to do so. They’ve evolved to live without meat just like us.
200% incorrect. Vegan diets are carbohydrate-based. Carbohydrates are inflammatory, feed cancer (glucose), contribute to periodontal disease (leading to systemic organ failure, eg heart), cause insulin spikes leading to a multitude of other issues in the long-term (thyroid, liver, diabetes, heart disease) and also cause pancreatic problems due to extreme stress on the pancreas (secreting heavy loads of carb enzymes over a long period of time). The low moisture content coupled with high plant protein may also cause renal failure in the long term. The preservatives used may also be linked to cancer (BHA, BHT etc), and these diets also skew the omega3/6 ratio, causing further inflammation (linked to cancer again). They cause urine alkalinity leading to urinary problems such as crystals, blockages and UTI’s.
Brief into to dog anatomy/physiology:
- Stomach PH: Their highly acidic stomach is designed for eliminating harmful bacteria and breaking down bone into a gel-like substance. Humans have a much more alkaline stomach acid which is why we would struggle to digest raw bone.
-Digestive Enzymes: Higher level of proteases to break down animal protein. High bile load to help push through bacteria.
-Dental Anatomy: Sharp pointed teeth designed for ripping and tearing flesh and bones.Dogs do not chew their food as we do, they are wired to swallow chunks quickly as a basic survival instinct.
-Jaws: Dogs also have strong jaws that physically cannot move sideways (like your own can). This sideways grinding action is a feature that allows pre-digestion of plant material. Again, dogs rip off chunks and swallow them whole.
-Lack of Salivary Amylase: Omnivores have this for pre-digestion of carbohydrates. Dogs and cats do not. The canine pancreas secretes amylase as a backup, however this does not mean they should be fed a high carbohydrate diet every day for a lifetime. Processed food (incl vegan) is 40-70% carbohydrate.
-Lysozyme: Instead of amylase, dogs have lysozyme in their saliva which is an antibacterial. This may be useful for destroying any harmful bacteria in carrion/rotten food/feces, as well as wound cleaning.
-Gut length: The canine gut is short in length which is because flesh must be pushed through quickly. It does not need to sit and ferment, as this could allow bacteria to multiply to harmful levels. Note that plant eating animals have a long digestive tract and even multiple stomach chambers in order for plant material to be slowly broken down by the necessary enzymes.
-Nutrient profiles. Dogs have 0% biological requirement for carbohydrates. They gain every single essential nutrient from a prey based diet such as Whole Prey/Prey Model. Vegan diets are full of processed lab-made vitamins and minerals. Many vitamin pre-mixes are made in china and shipped to the country of manufacture.
All in all, dogs will survive on a high carbohydrate diet but it will cause systemic effects eventually. Similar to smoking, a junk food diet affects every dog differently and some may be affected more severely than others, and in different time spans. You can also expect high vet fees in the form of dental cleanings, dental surgeries and various health problem later on in life.
It is not recommended that you feed your pet the equivalent of a big mac for the entirety of its life. This is essentially what kibble and vegan diets are. Evolution has changed the appearance and even the behaviour of your dog, but their digestive system is still geared towards meat. Basically, you are paying money to have a company slowly kill your pet from the inside out.
0/10, Not Recommended.
Hard science here for anyone who needs to shut down a “vegan pet owner.” It’s abuse. Feed your animal the substances they evolved to eat or do not own an animal, it’s as simple as that.
This story keeps on getting better and better
the cucumber saga
i seriously just had the thought “i wonder if I could rush from the computer to the top of the fridge to squat in the 3 seconds photobooth gives me”
*whispers* Mulan, Merida, and Rapunzel didn’t have men saving them
*regular voice* Lilo and Nani’s sisterly love for each other was a big point in their movie
*slightly aggravated voice* Enchanted questioned marrying a man you hardly know
*shouting* FROZEN ISN’T THE FIRST MOVIE TO HAVE THESE POINTS
In BoFA, instead of Tauriel dying in the battle with Kili, I want her to survive and make it a personal mission to return Kili’s rune stone to his mother. Even if she travels to the Blue Mountains by herself, I just want Tauriel to step out of the boundary of the forest and cross that gap of adversity between elves and dwarves, and assure Dís that Kili thought of home and was brave and loved.
Some people still think Beauxbatons was for girls and Durmstrang was for boys.
Well, the movie montage didn’t help with its parade of females pooping butterflies and men banging the floor with thinly veiled euphemisms.
Like it or not, the visual media has a greater impact on how people view book characters.
Case in point: all the people who managed to miss the blatant descriptions of Rue in The Hunger Games and didn’t realize she was black until they saw the movie.
With Harry Potter, there’s so much content that gets dropped because its just not possible to fit everything, so Hollywood framed the presentation of both schools to characterize their champion rather than going into detail about the school and campion individually.
and they were lazy douchebags for doing so.
"Family gatherings" aka "90% of the people here are racist"
"and claim to be none of these things"
"they’re just joking"
"you’re just going through a phase"
"you’ll get used to it"
"so do you have a boyfriend yet?"
Back when I was younger and more ignorant and misinformed than I am now, one of my exes literally made me feel guilty sometimes when he got a boner and I didn’t want to “take care of him”. He claimed that it caused him a lot of pain and he said that his doctor had actually said he couldn’t leave himself in that state or else he could damage himself…. So made me feel like I HAD to give him relief even when I really did not desire to. And that sucked.
Wait… it DOESN’T hurt them?
Boys get boners all the time for no reason. No, it doesn’t hurt them. If any boy tries to tell you otherwise, run away as fast as you can because he’s lying to you for the sake of his penis.
No penis is more important than you because you are a whole person and a penis is just a spongy flab o’ flesh.
Hahaha deff not I get boners constantly.
Anything causes them
Favorite answer so far.
Dicks can seriously be ridiculous at times
Hell sometimes a brisk breeze can set them off
Reblogging this for all of the girls and guys that DO NOT KNOW THIS INFORMATION. Because this is extremely important.
The term ‘blue balls’ isn’t actually a fucking thing.
It was created by giant flopping douche canoes to con girls into rubbing their little dingadongs.
I literally get 10 boners a day and never get blue balls.
Next time someone tries to shame you into a handy, kick them in the balls and tell them “NOW YOU HAVE BLUE BALLS”
Guys on tumblr are literally the best.
WHAT?! I seriously thought it hurt guys?! O.o
I get boners all the time. Blue Balls is (for some reason) and acceptable way of saying “BUT I REALLY WANTED TO CUM AND NOW I HAVEN’T AND I JUST REALLY LIKE IT WHEN MY TESTICLES HAVE ERUPTED AND I FEEL ALL WARM AND SHIT AND YOU ROBBED ME OF THAT YOU MONSTER”
Grow up, boys.
Back up real quick. Blue Balls IS a real thing, and it hurts. It doesn’t happen often, but it does happen and it isn’t pleasant. HOWEVER, don’t let a dude make you think its your fault or your responsibility to take care of it, because its something they can take care of themselves.
literally my favorite commercial ever.
if the rapid disappearance of bees and the drastic decline of their population terrifies and stresses you for a large number of reasons clap your hands
I’ve been thinking about your question all day… it really upset me.
it upsets me that you even have to think that changing your name is the solution. I understand where that line of thought comes from but I don’t think it is the solution. I truly think you need to be who you are. I think the world needs every writer and artist to be who they are.
I know there’s racism and sexism in this world, good Lord I know, but I also know that I have never worked for a company that gave a crap about race or sex. all they care about is if they can sell what you’re making.
I do believe there is subconscious and subtextual race and sex issues at work in the world but I think the only way to fight those issues is to not make them your issues. just push past them by being excellent at your craft. by being undeniable.
please take myself for example. it took me a long time to “break-in” years and years. and every day that I was starving to death on Ramen noodles and every day that I saw no light at the end of the tunnel I made it an excuse to get better at my craft.
It wasn’t because I am Jewish or I’m short that I wasn’t breaking in… it was because it’s very hard to do. if it wasn’t hard everybody would be able to. I said to myself: I must get better at my craft.
because every one of my heroes had told me that if I worked on my craft that no matter what happened in my career I would, on the most important level, be happy.
and when I did run into anti-Semitism, and I did, it fed me. it absolutely did not stop me. it completely psyched me up to push through.
there are so many published and successful writers of every walk of life… there is someone out there for you to aspire to be. someone who proves that craft and ambition trump racism and sexism.
the only way to break down all of this is to show up as yourself and craft your stories truthfully and honestly.